Ancient Egyptian Symbols and Meanings :
Ancient Egyptian symbols were used during different periods of ancient Egyptian civilization to represent all kinds of concepts and ideas of Egyptian mythology.
The ancient Egyptian symbols were depicted in the form of hieroglyphs and were considered to be “The Words of Gods.” These symbols recorded the most significant events
in ancient Egyptian history and the Egyptians’ spiritual beliefs and cultural practices.
The ancient Egyptians used these symbols to decorate their temples, to represent their gods in their inscriptions, and to make amulets to cope with difficulties.
Some of these hieroglyphic symbols were inherited from earlier civilizations, while others appeared during different periods of ancient Egyptian culture.
Easy tours Egypt can be the historical guide that leads you to answer questions about ancient Egypt’s history.
In some cases, the following Pharaonic symbols also have their equivalent within the hieroglyphic Symbols -based Egyptian writing system.
1-Ankh key of life “Egyptian Cross,” an Egyptian Symbol Of Protection.
The Egyptian symbol ankh, the Egyptian cross symbol also known as the” key of Life ”or ”the key of the Nile”, is an Egyptian hieroglyph symbolizing eternal Life.
This is one of the hieroglyphs that appear most often in texts and Egyptian art, always about the gods.
The ancient Egyptians believed that the gods had dominion over eternal Life. For this reason, the representations of their gods with the Ankh symbolized their power over Life and death.
In the Egyptian Museum, a relief shows the Sun shining down on Pharaoh Akhenaten and his wife, Nefertiti. This is another interesting historical artifact.
At the end of each sunbeam is a picture of a hand holding a small ankh, representing the gift of eternal Life. This relief dates back to the Amarna Period, the second half of the Eighteenth Dynasty.
This was when Akhenaten chose to worship the sun disc Aten over all other gods, which is thought to be the first step toward religion.
His son and successor, Tutankhamun, changed this rule as soon as he took power. Even though there were many different religious periods during this time,
the Ankh was still used as a symbol, which shows how strong Ankh was.
The Egyptians also considered the Ankh symbol of protection of them. They also made mirrors in the shape of the Ankh to represent the mutual reflection between Life and death.
Although it is perhaps one of the important Pharaonic symbols, there are different theories about its origin, but none is conclusive.
Coptic Christians later adopted a variation of the Ankh cross to symbolize their faith.
2-Eye of Horus “Wadjet Eye” Egyptian Protection Symbol and Healing
The Eye of Horus, or the Wedjat or Udjat, is an ancient Egyptian symbol representing protection, healing, and wisdom. It is a stylized depiction of the eye of the falcon-headed god Horus,
a prominent deity in the ancient Egyptian pantheon.
The Eye of Horus was considered a powerful amulet that could protect the wearer from harm, especially against evil spirits and the evil eye. It was also associated with healing and many amulets
and talismans were inscribed with the symbol to promote good health and well-being.
The Eye of Horus has a distinctive design, featuring a stylized eye with a teardrop-shaped marking below it and a curved line above it. This design is thought to represent the markings of a real falcon’s vision,
which were believed to have magical properties in ancient Egypt.
In addition to its protective and healing properties, the Eye of Horus was associated with wisdom and knowledge. It was believed that the eye could see and understand everything,
symbolizing the gods’ all-knowing, all-seeing power.
Today, the Eye of Horus remains a famous symbol in modern culture, often appearing in jewelry, tattoos, and other forms of art and decoration. It continues to be associated with protection,
healing, and wisdom and is a powerful reminder of the enduring legacy of ancient Egyptian culture.
3-Eye of Ra “The Udjat Eye” Hieroglyphics Symbol Of Protection
The Eye of Ra, also known as the “Eye of Re” or “Udjat Eye,” is an ancient Egyptian symbol representing the sun god Ra and his power and protection.
The Eye of Ra is often conflated with the Eye of Horus, but they are two distinct symbols with different meanings.
In ancient Egyptian, Ra was the most important god and was often depicted as a falcon or a man with the head of a falcon. The Eye of Ra was believed to be a powerful symbol of his divine power and protection,
and it was often depicted as a solar disk with a uraeus, or cobra, emerging from it.
According to Egyptian mythology, the Eye of Ra was initially stolen from Ra by his arch-nemesis, the god Set. Set became jealous of Ra’s power and took the Eye for himself.
The Eye of Ra is said to have transformed into a powerful goddess named Sekhmet, who was sent to punish Set for his actions. After Set was defeated, the Eye was returned to Ra and restored to his face.
The Eye of Ra is often associated with light, clarity, and power. It is a symbol of strength, protection, and wisdom.
The Eye of Ra was used by the pharaohs as an amulet to ward off evil spirits and protect them from harm. It was also believed to have the power to heal and restore health.
Today, the Eye of Ra remains a famous symbol in modern culture. It is often used in art and jewelry to represent strength, protection, and wisdom.
The Eye of Ra is also used in modern spiritual practices and has been adopted by many as a symbol of enlightenment and insight. Overall, the Eye of Ra is a powerful and enduring symbol that has captivated people for thousands of years.
4-Scarab Beetle “Symbol of Transformation.”
The scarab beetle was an important symbol in ancient Egyptian mythology and religion. The beetle was associated with the sun god Ra and was believed to have the power of rebirth and transformation.
In ancient Egypt, the scarab beetle symbolized new life and was often used in amulets, jewelry, and other decorative items.
The beetle was also associated with the concept of resurrection, as it was believed to regenerate itself by rolling a ball of dung into a ball and burying it in the ground.
The scarab beetle was also associated with the god Khepri, who was often depicted as a man with the head of a scarab beetle.
Khepri was the god of the sunrise, and his association with the scarab beetle was seen as a symbol of the sun’s rebirth and renewal.
In addition to its symbolic significance, the scarab beetle was also seen as a sacred insect in ancient Egypt. The beetle was often mummified and buried with the deceased,
as it was believed to provide protection and guidance in the afterlife.
Today, the scarab beetle remains a famous symbol in modern culture, often appearing in jewelry, art, and other forms of decoration. It continues to be associated with rebirth,
transformation, and renewal and is a powerful reminder of the enduring legacy of ancient Egyptian culture.
5-Djed Pillar “Symbol of Stability.”
The Djed pillar is an ancient Egyptian symbol associated with Osiris, the god of the afterlife, resurrection, and fertility. The Djed pillar is often depicted as a tall, straight pillar with four horizontal bars near the top,
which are thought to represent the spine of Osiris.
The Djed pillar was a symbol of stability and strength in ancient Egyptian culture, and it was frequently used in religious ceremonies and rituals.
The symbol was often used in funerary rituals, as it was believed to provide protection and support for the deceased in the afterlife.
Also, It was believed to be a powerful talisman that could protect people from harm and ensure their well-being in life and death.
The Djed pillar was also associated with the Nile River’s annual flooding, a critical event for ancient Egyptian agriculture. The yearly flooding was seen as a symbol of renewal and regeneration,
and the Djed pillar was often used in ceremonies to celebrate the beginning of the flood season.
The Djed pillar was also incorporated into Egyptian art and architecture, often depicted on the walls of temples and tombs.
It was frequently used as a decorative element on furniture and household items and even incorporated into jewelry and clothing design.
The Djed pillar was an important and enduring symbol in ancient Egyptian culture. Its association with Osiris, stability, and renewal made it a powerful talisman in religious ceremonies and rituals.
Its incorporation into art and architecture made it a significant symbol in Egyptian culture for centuries.
6-Sa “Symbol of Protection .”
The Sa symbol is an ancient Egyptian hieroglyph representing protection, security, and stability. The symbol depicts a looped rope tied around a pole or stake, often seen in Egyptian art and architecture.
The Sa symbol was frequently used in religious ceremonies and rituals and was believed to provide protection and stability to the people of Egypt.
It was often incorporated into the design of temples, tombs, and household items such as furniture and pottery.
In addition to its religious significance, the Sa symbol had practical uses in ancient Egyptian society. Also, with Its protective and fortunate qualities, the symbol was associated with regeneration and rebirth.
The looped rope was a standard tool used for tying and securing objects, such as boats and cargo, and the Sa symbol may have been used as a sign of ownership or control over these objects.
The Sa symbol was also associated with the goddess Neith, the goddess of war, hunting, weaving, and domestic crafts. Neith was often depicted holding a Sa symbol,
which further emphasized the symbol’s association with protection and security.
Overall, the Sa symbol was essential and enduring in ancient Egyptian culture. Its association with protection, security, and stability ensured that it was used in religious and practical contexts.
Its incorporation into art and architecture made it a significant symbol in Egyptian culture for centuries.
7- Sema “Union Symbol”
The Sema symbol, also known as the Djed-Sema-Tawy, is an ancient Egyptian hieroglyphic symbol that represents stability, endurance, and the union of Upper and Lower Egypt.
The symbol combines the Djed pillar and the Sema-tawny symbol, which depicts two plants growing together, representing the unification of the two lands of Egypt.
The Sema symbol was often used in temple reliefs and other art forms and depicted on amulets, jewelry, and other decorative items.
It was associated with Ptah, the god of craftsmen and architects, and was believed to represent his ability to bring stability and order to the world.
In addition to its symbolic significance, the Sema symbol was also believed to have protective qualities and was often used in funerary rituals to protect the deceased in the afterlife.
It was seen as a symbol of the life force, representing the ability to live beings to endure and overcome adversity.
Today, the Sema symbol remains a famous symbol in modern culture, often appearing in jewelry, art, and other forms of decoration.
It continues to be associated with the concepts of stability, endurance, and unity and serves as a powerful reminder of the enduring legacy of ancient Egyptian culture.
8-The Djew “Symbol of the Afterlife.”
The Djew symbolized royalty, the afterlife, and graves in ancient Egypt and was associated with death. The ancient Egyptians thought a cosmic mountain held the skies
with two peaks and the Nile River in the center of the hill. This belief would explain why the tombs were located across the hilly territories that bordered the Nile valley.
The Egyptian god of the afterlife, Anubis(Egyptian Symbol of death), was sometimes called “He Who is Upon His Mountain.”
9-Imiut Fetish ” Egyptian Protection Symbol And Mummification.”
The Imiut fetish was a unique and enigmatic symbol in ancient Egyptian culture. It was a religious object used in mummification, but its exact purpose and significance remain a mystery.
The Imiut fetish was typically made from the skin of an animal, usually a great cat or a bull, which was then stuffed and mounted on a pole. The pole was then placed in a pot and decorated with
a lotus or papyrus blossom on the end of the tail. The Imiut fetish was often depicted in ancient Egyptian art, especially in scenes related to the embalming and mummification process.
One theory regarding the purpose of the Imiut fetish is that it was used as a container for the organs of the deceased during the mummification process.
The organs were believed to be vital to the soul’s survival in the afterlife and were typically stored in canopic jars. However, some scholars believe that the Imiut fetish may have been used as an alternative to the canopic pots, as it was thought to have magical properties that could help protect the organs and ensure their preservation.
Another theory suggests that the Imiut fetish was associated with the god Imiut, who was believed to be a god of mummification and whose name means “He Who is in his Wrappings.” Imiut was often depicted as a jackal or a human figure with a jackal’s head, and he was believed to be responsible for guarding the organs of the deceased during the mummification process. Some scholars believe that the Imiut fetish may have been used as a representation of Imiut or that it may have been used in rituals to invoke his protection.
Despite the many theories surrounding the Imiut fetish, its true purpose and significance remain mysterious. However, its unique design and association with the mummification process make it a fascinating symbol of ancient Egyptian culture and religion.
10-Uraeus ”The Egyptian Cobra.”
ِThe Uraeus is a symbol that was highly revered in ancient Egyptian culture. It represents a rearing cobra, often depicted with its hood spread and ready to strike.
The Uraeus symbol was associated with the goddess Wadjet, who was considered the protector of the pharaohs and the embodiment of royalty and power.
The pharaohs often wore the Uraeus as a headdress, which was believed to imbue them with the power and protection of Wadjet.
The Uraeus was also used in religious rituals and was thought to be able to ward off evil and protect against harm.
In addition to its association with Wadjet, the Uraeus was associated with the sun god Ra. The cobra was believed to represent the fiery serpent that Ra defeated to create the world.
As such, the Uraeus symbol was often used in solar iconography and was thought to have the power to bring about creation and renewal.
The Uraeus was also used as a symbol of royal authority and sovereignty. The pharaohs were often depicted with the Uraeus on their foreheads, which was believed to signify their divinity and right to rule over the people of Egypt. The Uraeus was also used in funerary art and was thought to protect the pharaohs in the afterlife.
Today, the Uraeus remains a powerful symbol of ancient Egyptian culture and is often used in modern depictions of Egyptian iconography.
Its association with power, protection, and divinity inspires and fascinates people worldwide.
11-Crook and Flail “Ancient Egyptian Symbol of Power .”
The crook and flail were two symbols that were highly significant in ancient Egyptian culture. They were associated with Osiris, the god of the afterlife, and were often depicted in art and used in religious rituals.
The crook, also known as the heka, was a symbol of authority used by the pharaohs to symbolize their role as shepherds of the people. The crook represented the pharaoh’s responsibility to guide and protect his people,
just as a shepherd guides and protects his flock.
The flail, known as the nekhakha, symbolized power and was associated with Osiris. It was often depicted as a whip with three strands and was believed to represent the power of the pharaoh to control and punish those who opposed him.
Together, the crook and flail were known as the “scepter of the two-fold power” and were believed to represent the pharaoh’s ability to guide and protect his people and wield power and authority over them.
The crook and flail were also associated with the god Osiris, who was often depicted holding them in his hands. Osiris was believed to have used the crook and flail to judge the souls of the dead and to guide them on their journey to the afterlife.
In addition to their religious significance, the crook and flail were also used as symbols of royal authority and sovereignty. They were often depicted in the art and hieroglyphs of the pharaohs and were used to signify their divinity and right to rule over the people of Egypt.
Today, the crook and flail are potent symbols of ancient Egyptian culture and are often used in modern depictions of Egyptian iconography. Their association with authority, power, and divinity inspires and fascinates people worldwide.
12-Ajet “Symbol of the Sunset, Sunrise, Horizon, Creation & Rebirth.”
The Ajet or Akhet symbol is an ancient Egyptian hieroglyphic symbol representing the horizon, where the sun rises and sets. The symbol comprises the sun disk and the two mountains on either side.
The sun disk represents the sun, one of the most important deities in ancient Egyptian religion. The two mountains on either side of the sun disk represent the eastern and western horizons, where the sun rises and sets, respectively. The Ajet symbol was believed to have a powerful symbolic meaning and was associated with various aspects of Egyptian religion and culture.
In ancient Egyptian mythology, the sun was closely associated with the gods Ra and Horus, who believed in controlling the sun and its movements.
The Ajet symbol was seen as a representation of the sun’s journey across the sky, from sunrise to sunset. It was often used in religious ceremonies and artwork to symbolize the sun’s power and influence.
The Ajet symbol was also closely associated with regeneration and renewal. The sun was seen as a powerful symbol of life and rebirth, and the Ajet symbol was often used in funerary art and rituals to symbolize the soul’s journey after death. The sun’s journey across the sky, from east to west, was a metaphor for the soul’s journey from life to end and back again.
In addition to its religious and symbolic significance, the Ajet symbol was also used to measure time.
The Egyptians divided the day into twelve hours of daylight and twelve hours of darkness, and the sun’s position about the Ajet symbol was used to determine the time of day.
It was also used to mark important dates and festivals in the Egyptian religious calendar.
13-Menat ” Symbolizes Both Wealth and Fertility and also Good Fortune.”
The Menat symbol is an ancient Egyptian symbol associated with the goddess Hathor, the goddess of music, dance, fertility, and childbirth. The Menat was a beaded necklace women wore
and was often used in religious ceremonies and rituals.
The Menat necklace was composed of multiple strands of beads and was often adorned with a large counterpoise or pendant shaped like a half-moon or a teardrop.
The counterpoise was often decorated with images of the goddess Hathor and was believed to represent her power and influence.
The Menat symbol was closely associated with the concept of fertility and childbirth. The necklace was often worn by women who were trying to conceive or women who were pregnant or nursing.
It was believed that the Menat necklace had the power to enhance fertility and ensure the safe delivery of babies.
The Menat symbol was also associated with the goddess Hathor’s role as a goddess of music and dance. The necklace was often used in musical performances and dances and was believed to have the power to enhance the beauty and grace of the dancers.
In addition to its associations with fertility and music, the Menat symbol was also associated with protection. The necklace was often used in religious ceremonies and rituals to ward off evil spirits
and protect the wearer from harm.
The Menat symbol was essential to ancient Egyptian religious and cultural practices. It was closely associated with the goddess Hathor and was believed to have many powers and influences. The Menat necklace was an important item of personal adornment and was often given as a gift or used as an offering in religious ceremonies and rituals.
14-The Winged sun Disk ” Symbol of the Power of the Sun, Divinity, Protection, and Eternity.”
The Winged Sun Disk, the Horus Behdety Disk, was an important symbol in ancient Egyptian religion and mythology. It was a composite symbol representing the sun god Ra and the sky god Horus.
The symbol was composed of a sun disk with wings attached to either side and sometimes, a uraeus (a cobra) was added at the top of the disk.
The wings were usually depicted as a falcon or bird wings, representing the Horus aspect of the symbol. The sun disk represented Ra, the sun god, and the uraeus symbolized protection and royalty.
The Winged Sun Disk was often depicted in Egyptian art and used in various contexts. It was frequently used in temple architecture, such as on the walls of temples and the headdresses of statues of gods and goddesses.
It was also used in funerary art, such as on sarcophagi and tomb walls, representing the deceased’s journey into the afterlife.
The symbol was associated with several vital concepts in Egyptian religion and mythology. It was a symbol of protection, representing the power of the gods to ward off evil and protect their followers.
It was also a symbol of regeneration and rebirth, as the sun’s rising each day was seen as a symbol of new life and renewal.
The Winged Sun Disk was a powerful and important symbol in ancient Egyptian religion and continues to be a popular motif in modern times.
Its association with the sun, protection, and rebirth has made it a famous symbol in jewelry, art, and other forms of decoration.
15-Sistrum “Symbol of Music & Good Luck.”
The Sistrum is an ancient Egyptian musical instrument shaped like a fork and often used in religious ceremonies and rituals. It was believed to have magical properties and was closely associated
with the goddess Hathor, music, dance, and fertility goddess.
The Sistrum was made up of a handle, a frame, and several metal rods that were attached to the edge. The rods were loosely suspended in the structure and rattled when the instrument was shaken.
The handle was often decorated with images of the goddess Hathor and was sometimes adorned with the head of a lion or another animal.
The Sistrum was often used in religious ceremonies and rituals to invoke the goddess Hathor and her powers of fertility and abundance.
It was believed that the rattling of the instrument would call forth the goddess and her blessings and that it had the power to ward off evil spirits and protect the people of Egypt.
In addition to its religious significance, the Sistrum was an essential part of ancient Egyptian music and dance. It was often used in musical performances and dances
and was believed to have the power to enhance the beauty and grace of the dancers.
The Sistrum was also associated with the concept of rebirth and renewal. The instrument was often used in funerary rites and was believed to help guide the deceased safely into the afterlife.
16- Isis ” Symbol Of Motherhood ”
Isis was one of the most important goddesses in ancient Egyptian religion and mythology. She was revered as the goddess of motherhood, fertility, magic, and healing.
The symbol of Isis represented the goddess and had great significance in Egyptian culture.
The most common symbol of Isis was the “Isis knot” or “Isis bow.” This symbol was a looped knot often depicted on the front of the goddess’s dress or headdress.
The knot represented the goddess’s role as a protector and healer and was believed to have the power to bind and protect the wearer.
Another important symbol of Isis was the “Isis throne.” This symbol depicted the goddess seated on a throne with the hieroglyphic symbol for “throne” beneath her.
The symbol represented the goddess’s role as a queen and mother goddess, and it was often used in religious ceremonies and depictions of the afterlife.
The “Isis-suckling-Horus” was another important symbol associated with the goddess. This symbol depicted Isis nursing her son Horus and represented the goddess’s nurturing and protective qualities.
It was also believed to represent the cycle of birth, life, and death.
As a goddess of magic, Isis was also associated with using the written word and hieroglyphics. The hieroglyphic symbol for her name was often included in magical spells and amulets,
and it was believed to have the power to protect the wearer from harm.
The symbol of Isis was an essential part of ancient Egyptian culture and mythology, and it continues to be a famous symbol in modern times.
Its association with motherhood, fertility, and healing has made it a renowned symbol for women. In contrast, its connection to magic and protection has become a famous symbol in spiritual and occult practices.
17-Ibis ”Symbol of Wisdom And Magic.”
The ibis was closely associated with the god Thoth, considered the patron of wisdom, writing, and magic. As a result, the ibis was seen as a symbol of knowledge and learning,
and it was often depicted alongside Thoth in art and hieroglyphics. Thoth was sometimes even depicted with the head of an ibis, emphasizing the close connection between the two.
The ibis was also associated with the moon and the lunar calendar. The Egyptians believed that the ibis could predict the coming of the Nile flood based on its observations of the moon.
As a result, the bird was seen as a symbol of the cyclical nature of the Nile and the importance of the annual flood to Egyptian agriculture.
In addition to its role as a symbol of knowledge and the lunar calendar, the ibis was also believed to have healing properties. According to Egyptian mythology,
the god Thoth used ibis feathers to write spells and incantations that could heal the sick and protect against disease. As a result, the ibis was often depicted in art with a scribe’s pen and papyrus scroll, emphasizing its connection to magic and healing.
Finally, the African Sacred Ibis, in particular, was believed to have a special connection to the god Thoth. This species of ibis was often depicted in art with a distinctive curved beak, which was said to resemble the crescent moon. The African Sacred Ibis was also known for its distinctive call, believed to be a message from the gods. As a result, this species of ibis was considered sacred and was often mummified and buried with great care and reverence.
18-Amenta ”Symbol of The Underworld.”
The Amenta symbol is a concept in ancient Egyptian mythology that refers to the underworld or the realm of the dead. It was believed that after death, the deceased’s soul would journey through the Amenta, passing through various stages of judgment and purification before reaching the afterlife.
The Amenta symbol was often represented as a dark, mysterious place inhabited by various gods and demons. It was also believed to be a place of rebirth and regeneration, where the soul could be transformed and renewed through the power of the gods.
The Amenta symbol was often depicted in ancient Egyptian art and iconography, with various elements and motifs representing the different stages of the soul’s journey through the underworld. These included images of the god Anubis, who was responsible for guiding the deceased through the judicial process, and the scales of justice used to weigh the heart of the dead against a feather.
Other symbols associated with the Amenta included the mummy, seen as a symbol of rebirth and resurrection, and the scarab beetle, believed to have the power to guide the soul through the underworld into the afterlife.
The Amenta symbol was also closely associated with the Book of the Dead, a collection of spells and incantations intended to help the deceased on their journey through the Amenta. These spells were written on papyrus scrolls and buried with the dead, along with other funerary offerings.
19-Cat Symbol (Bastet )
The symbol of Bastet, also known as the “Cat Goddess,” was important in ancient Egyptian mythology.
Bastet was the goddess of home, fertility, and childbirth and was often depicted as a woman with the head of a domestic cat.
Cats were highly valued in ancient Egyptian society and were often kept as pets and even worshipped as sacred animals.
As a result, Bastet was seen as a protector of cats and was often depicted holding or accompanied by a cat.
In addition to her role as a protector of cats, Bastet was also associated with the sun, the moon, and the fertility of the land.
The Bastet symbol was incorporated into many aspects of Egyptian life, including religion, art, and daily household activities.
Small statues of Bastet were often placed in homes to protect against evil spirits and to bring good luck and fertility to the household.
The cult of Bastet was prevalent in Bubastis, where a large temple was dedicated to the goddess. Each year, a festival was held in honor of Bastet,
During this procession, worshippers would carry a goddess statue through the streets.
In addition to her role as a protector of cats and a symbol of fertility, Bastet was also associated with music and dance. She was often depicted holding a sistrum,
a musical instrument used in religious ceremonies, and sometimes accompanied by dancers and musicians in Egyptian art.
20-The Leb ” The Symbol of Heart.”
The ancient Egyptians believed that the heart, or “leb” in Egyptian, was the most critical organ in the human body. They thought it was the center of a person’s being, the source of their emotions, and the seat of their intelligence and memory.
The symbol for the heart in ancient Egyptian hieroglyphics was a stylized representation of a true heart, with the addition of a small loop at the top.
This loop was known as the “seat of the soul” and was believed to represent the point at which the soul resided within the body.
According to Egyptian mythology, during the judgment of the dead, the deceased’s heart was weighed against the feather of Ma’at, the goddess of truth and justice.
The dead were deemed worthy of entering the afterlife if the heart was found pure and light as a feather. However, if the heart was found to be heavy with sin, the deceased was condemned to eternal punishment.
Also, The heart was considered so important in ancient Egyptian culture that it was believed to be the only body part that would not decay after death.
During mummification, the heart was carefully removed from the body and placed in a canopic jar container. The other organs were also removed and placed in separate canopic jars,
but the heart was considered the most important.
In addition to its importance in death and the afterlife, the heart symbolized love and affection in ancient Egyptian culture. It was often used in amulets and other forms of jewelry
and was sometimes given as a gift to loved ones.
21-Primordial hill “Symbol of the Big Bang and Creation.”
The Primordial Hill was a powerful symbol in ancient Egyptian mythology representing the beginning of creation and the emergence of life. It was often depicted as a small pyramid or mound with a sun disk on top, representing the god Ra. The Primordial Hill was closely associated with the god Atum, who was believed to have created the world from the chaos of the waters.
It represented stability and permanence and was considered the foundation for the earth and the heavens. The pharaohs of Egypt were believed to be descended from Atum and had a divine right to rule.
The Primordial Hill was considered a sacred site, and many temples and shrines were built upon hills or mounds to replicate it. The symbol is still used today in modern Egyptian culture.
It is a powerful reminder of this ancient civilization’s rich cultural traditions and beliefs and serves as a testament to its enduring legacy.
22-The Tyet “Symbol of Feminism.”
The Tyet symbol, also known as the Knot of Isis, was prominent in ancient Egyptian mythology and was closely associated with the goddess Isis. It was a knot-like shape often depicted in red or red-orange color
and was believed to represent the concept of fertility and childbirth. The Tyet symbol was also thought to have protective qualities and was often used in funerary contexts to provide safety
and security to the deceased in the afterlife. The symbol was incorporated into amulets, jewelry, and other decorative objects, and it was considered a potent talisman that could offer magical protection and healing.
Overall, the Tyet symbol was powerful and multifaceted in ancient Egyptian culture, representing themes of life, death, protection, and renewal.
23-Sekhem Scepter Symbolizes Powerful
The Sekhem symbol was prominent in ancient Egyptian mythology that represented the power and might of the gods and goddesses.
It was often depicted as a scepter or staff, topped with the head of a lion or falcon, and was closely associated with the god Ptah. The Sekhem symbol was believed to have magical powers that could bring healing,
protection, and strength to those who wielded it. It was often used in religious rituals and ceremonies and depicted on amulets and other forms of jewelry.
The symbol has endured in modern times and can still be seen in various forms of art and design. Overall, the Sekhem symbol was a powerful and enduring symbol in ancient Egyptian culture,
representing the divine power and protection of the gods and goddesses.
24-The Shen ”Egyptian Protection Symbol And Eternity.”
The Shen Ring, also known as the Shen Symbol, was a significant symbol in ancient Egyptian culture, representing protection and eternity.
It is a stylized loop of rope with closed ends, which creates a knot and a closed ring. The sun disc in the middle of the symbol represents the eternity of life, as the sun was central to life in ancient Egypt.
The Shen Ring was present in Egyptian culture as early as the Third Dynasty and was most often carried by the falcon god Horus but was also carried by the vulture goddess Nekhbet.
The symbol could be stretched to contain other objects, which were then understood as being eternally protected by the Shen Ring.
25-Was Scepter ” Ancient Egyptian Symbol of Power Authority.”
The ”Was Scepter” was a symbol of power and authority in ancient Egyptian culture, often depicted in the hands of gods, goddesses, and pharaohs.
It was a long, straight staff topped with a canine head, usually a jackal or dog, representing the god Anubis. The Was Scepter was closely associated with the god Set,
who was believed to have used the staff to defeat his enemies and maintain order in the universe. The scepter was also believed to have magical and protective qualities.
It was often used in ritual and ceremonial contexts to ward off evil spirits and ensure the safety and well-being of the participants.
The Was Scepter was a potent symbol of divine authority and was often used to represent the pharaoh’s power and control over the natural world.
26- Egyptian Ouroboros Symbol
The Egyptian Ouroboros symbol depicted a serpent or dragon eating its tail, forming a circular or oval shape. It was a powerful symbol of cyclical renewal, eternity, and the unity of opposites, such as life and death, creation and destruction.
The Ouroboros symbol was closely associated with the god Ra, the sun god, and was used to represent the endless cycle of the sun’s journey through the sky daily.
The symbol was also incorporated into alchemical and mystical texts and was believed to represent the process of transformation and enlightenment.
In addition, the Ouroboros symbol was associated with the pharaoh’s power and authority and was often used to represent the pharaoh’s ability to maintain order and balance in the universe.
27-Seba Egyptian Symbol
The Seba symbol was essential in ancient Egyptian religion, representing “infinite power” or “divine might.” The symbol depicted a star surrounded by seven small circles and was often associated
with the goddess Isis or the god Horus. The seven circles represent the seven planets known to the ancient Egyptians, while the star in the center represents the divine power of the gods.
The Seba symbol was often used in funerary art and was believed to provide protection and guidance to the deceased in the afterlife.
It was also used in temple inscriptions and was associated with the pharaoh’s divine power and authority. Today, the Seba symbol remains popular in modern Egyptian art and culture.
28-The Tree of Life
Egyptian mythology and ritual firmly associated the tree of Life with water. It symbolized immortality and the understanding of time cycles in ancient Egypt.
These two trees were believed to grow at the gates of heaven, where Ra was constantly present as a symbol of Life by the Egyptians and others.
The Tree of Life was located in the Ra Temple of Heliopolis and originally appeared during Ra Atum’s first visit to Heliopolis.
Eating the fruit of the tree of Life secured eternal Life in Ished’s mythology.
Horus, the acacia god, is one of the many gods born of a single plant that spreads across the Nile valley. The bennu bird and the djed have long been associated with the tree of Life.
29-The Canopic Jars
The internal organs were removed and placed in four jars during mummification. These vessels often had lids with human or animal heads.
Canopic is the Greek name of the human-headed god Canopus of the Nile Delta. Canopy vessels can create limestone, alabaster, wood, ceramics, and even cardboard.
The heads of the canopic jar belong to the Four Sons of Horus.
Imsety; would protect the vessel in which they placed the human liver.
Duamutef, the jackal or wild dog jug, was the stomach guardian.
Qebehsennuef, the jug of this god symbolized by the falcon bird, was the guardian of the intestines.
Hapi, the monkey-headed Nile god, symbolized the vessel where the lungs were placed.
30-Ancient Egyptian Cartouche :
Cartouche was written on graves and coffins to identify who was inside. The ancient Egyptians believed each person had two souls, the Ba and the Ka,
who used the cartouche to determine which body they belonged to so that the Egyptians would pass into the afterlife.
The cartouche was one of the Egyptian protection symbols, and Pharaohs sometimes wore it as an amulet to help ward off evil spirits and bring good luck.
The cartouche is a hieroglyphic symbol, with the oval denoting a rope and the horizontal line symbolizing that the string is tied at the bottom to form a closed loop.
The Egyptians believed the circle of ropes represented all the Sun surrounded, symbolizing the king’s power over the universe.
Nebu is the Egyptian Symbol of gold, representing a golden collar with ends hanging at the sides and seven spikes dangling in the middle.
The ancient Egyptians believed that gold was an indestructible and heavenly metal. The sun god Ra was often called the mountain of gold,
and the royal tomb was known as the “House of Gold.” The pharaohs of the Old Kingdom were called “Golden Horus.”
32-Obelisk Symbol of Royalty
The obelisk was an important symbol in ancient Egyptian culture and religion. Typically erected in pairs at the entrance of temples, the obelisk was believed to represent the sun god Ra,
a central figure in the Egyptian pantheon. The obelisk was also associated with the pharaoh’s power and authority. Most ancient obelisks were carved from a piece of red granite from the quarries at Aswan and feature hieroglyphic carvings on all four sides dedicated to Ra and the ruler. The obelisk’s shape is tall and narrow, with a four-sided tapering shaft and a pyramidal top.
The obelisk’s design and symbolism continue to be honored and studied today.
33-The Egyptian Vulture ( Symbol of Kingly Protection )
The Egyptian vulture (Neophron percnopterus), also known as the white vulture or pharaoh chicken, is a small Old World vulture and the only member of the genus Neophron.
In ancient Egypt, the vulture hieroglyph was the uniliteral character used for the glottal sound (/ɑː/). The bird was held sacred to Isis and Mut in ancient Egyptian religion.
The vulture’s use as a royal symbol in Egyptian culture and its protection by pharaonic law made the species familiar on the streets of Egypt, leading to the name ‘pharaoh’s hen.’
34-Duat Symbol of the Underworld
The Duat is represented as a five-pointed star within a circle in hieroglyphs. It is a double symbol as the process means the Sun while the stars (sebaw, in Egyptian) are only visible at night. Because of this,
Duat is a place where there is neither day nor night, although time in the Book of the Dead is still calculated in days. The stories about the Duat appear in funerary texts,
including the Book of the Dead and the Pyramid Texts. In each of these depictions, the Duat is shown with different characteristics. In this sense, the Duat had no uniform version throughout the history of ancient Egypt.
35-Bee and Reed – represents Upper and Lower Egypt
According to Ancient Egyptian History (as written by the historian Manetho, c305–285 BC), Menes founded the unified Egyptian state, uniting Upper and Lower Egypt under a single monarchy.
Archaeologists now believe that it is likely that the unification of Upper and Lower Egypt took place during the reigns of several First Dynasty kings
and that the legend of Menes was perhaps created at a much later date to represent all those involved.
Before unification, the Egyptian word NSW (belonging to reed) symbolized Upper Egypt, and the word bit (belonging to bee) symbolized Lower Egypt.
When Upper and Lower Egypt united, the two symbols together represented the Pharaoh of United Egypt
36-Papyrus Symbol – Denotes Scripture and Facts
As an aquatic plant, the papyrus symbolizes the ancient swamps of the creation story. The heraldic plant of Lower Egypt was used to decorate pillars in temples built by the pharaohs.
37 – Egyptian Ka Symbol The Symbol of The Soul
The ancient Egyptians symbol ka, the meaning of the spirit and soul, since it was believed to represent the souls of those who had recently been born and those who had been resurrected after death.
The idea that the ka, which stands for the life force and spiritual essence of the soul, existed in ancient Egyptian iconography and mythology is one of the most challenging facets to understand.
They held that it was the gateway to the celestial realm, and this notion permeated and influenced all aspects of their day-to-day lives.
The Egyptian ka symbol was when the sacred gods bestowed each man with the qualities necessary to sustain Life.
It was the ultimate manifestation of the force that gives Life and creates, as well as the source of these powers and the spiritual twin in every man.
The Ka existed as a soul component and was a copy of the person who remained dormant within their bodily form after death.
Once a person dies, their physical form plays the part of a vessel for their soul to belong after death. Ancient Egyptians knew it would return,
So they mummified it to keep it around for as long as possible. They gambled on its return to get the upper hand and, thus, the right to perpetual Life by mummifying it.
Mummification was a common practice in ancient Egypt. The ka of royalty was considered one of a kind, while the ka of commoners was more likely to be linked to that of another individual.
It was believed that the Ka of Osiris stood guard over the pyramids. The Ka was commonly shown with the monarch’s name, Horus, engraved into the pole of its scepter.
In ancient Egyptian thought, kindness, honor, compassion, and stillness were all associated with the deity known as the Ka.
In hieroglyphic symbols, the ka was depicted as a shoulder and arms raised above the head.
The statues and images of the Ka showed their subjects in the prime of their sexuality when they were young, gorgeous, and full of vitality.
The ancient Egyptians believed that the god Khnum, who had the head of a ram, fashioned humans from clay.
38-The Ba Symbol Rebirth of the Physical Soul and Rebirth
An image similar to the Soul in Christianity. It looks like a bird of prey with a human face. Ba comes out of the body of the deceased.
During the day, it helps the living; at night, it flies to the deceased’s grave.
39-The Lotus Symbol (Sesen)
Sesen is a symbolic image of a lotus flower, and such an amulet is suitable for creative people and symbolizes the Sun and daily rebirth.
Similar associations arise if you know how the day goes by the lotus flower: every evening, when the Sun hides behind the horizon, it closes and goes underwater, and every morning, it blooms again at dawn.
There is a legend that the Sun appeared in the sky from such a large lotus at the beginning of the world’s creation.
Also, this Symbol displays a part of Egypt as a country. A talisman with such an Egyptian symbol will be helpful to anyone who needs to complete the current life stage and start a new one, better than the previous one.
Sesen, a pendant or brooch, is recommended for creative people in crisis and those who cannot escape depression.
40-Feather of Truth( Maat)
The feather of the goddess Maat is an amulet that personifies truth and world harmony. Maat is considered the daughter of the sun god Ra and carries goodness and light in herself,
helping to create reality on earth. It was this goddess who helped create the world from eternal chaos.
Outwardly, the goddess of ancient Egyptian mythology, Maat, is depicted blindfolded, which is similar to the designations of the goddess of justice adopted in other cultures.
Maat’s head is adorned with a large feather, her talisman, and a title in Egyptian hieroglyphics.
Maat was often depicted as a figurine: such an item was required to be worn on the chest of a judge and laid down in the grave of the deceased.
It was believed that only with the help of this object in the other world could they determine whether a person was worthy of paradise.
To do this, the deceased’s heart was placed on one scale, and the statuette of the goddess of order and truth was placed on the other.
If the scales were balanced, it was believed that a person lived his Life with dignity and righteousness and now deserves eternal rest
The Hedjet is the name of the traditional pharaonic Crown that formed a part of the regalia adopted by the kingship of Upper Egypt. It was a tall conical headpiece and was white.
Throughout the long and rich history of Lower and Upper Egypt, the pharaohs are depicted in their unique, glorious regalia that conveys the existence of two distinct nations unified under one monarch.
The typical crowns – The Red Crown (Deshret) representing Lower Egypt and White Crown (Hedjet) representing Upper Egypt – were a significant part of the regal symbolism.
After the country’s unification, the Hedjet was combined with the Deshret to make the Pschent, Egypt’s Double Crown.
Hedjet is related to several Egyptian deities. There are many instances where Goddess Nekhbet has been shown wearing it, and Horus, the Falcon God, has often been depicted in the White Crown.
God Osiris has also been associated with the Hedjet as it combines with red ostrich feathers to form the unique Atef crown of Osiris.
The materials from which the Hedjet was constructed are subject of pure speculation as no White Crown has been found until now.
It indicates that the Crown might have been passed on to the succeeding monarchs, as usually happens in present-day monarchies.
42-The Double Crown (Psehent) Symbol of the Unity of Upper & Lower Egypt.”
The Crown of Atef was worn by the god Osiris. It consisted of the White Crown of Upper Egypt and red feathers, symbolizing Busiris, the center of worship of Osiris in the Nile Delta.
44-Sekhem Scepter Symbol of the Powerful
Sekhem is a symbol of power as a manifestation of divine power. The ruler’s staff is on the upper part of which eyes are drawn. This Symbol of control is associated with Osiris,
but over the years, it has become a tangible symbol of the god of the dead, Anubis (along with the dog).
45-Royal Headdress (Nemes)
Pharaohs in ancient Egyptian civilization were known to have worn an ancient crown called the Nemes. From the time of Tutankhamun’s death to the present day, it has been a symbol of monarchy and protection,
in addition to numerous additional reasons that have developed over time but have not yet been fully understood. The Kemetic Order maintains and incorporates this practice into their ceremonies; other magical orders continue to wear them at various other rites.
The Nemes were fashioned from a linen cloth wrapped around the wearer’s head in a folded manner and then slung over both shoulders.
They were fastened at the point where the two sides of the neck met beneath the arm of the wearer. Eventually, only the pharaohs began to wear it;
they would fashion it into a collar or bib-like design and place it on the top of their breasts or chests until the early modern era. After that, the majority of people started donning it
46-Khepresh (Blue Crown)
The Khepresh was an ancient Egyptian symbol of the power and authority of the Pharaoh, and it was a symbol of the divine right they had to rule.
Tradition said that they inherited this right from gods who came before them in the history of mythology, such as Ra or Horus.
These gods have been confused with past pharaohs with royal positions, such as Aha or Menes. It is possible to see Ramses the Great wearing it at several temples.
These temples include ones at Abydos, and during one of Egypt’s 18th dynasty wars for unification, when he wore it on his head, he frequently led his men into battle against another nation.
Everyone would have a clear view of him and be aware of the freedom they were fighting for.
47-The Bennu Bird ”Egyptian Symbol of Rebirth”
The Bennu Bird is a bird that is one of the most famous symbols in ancient Egyptian mythology. It is known as Phoenix, and this bird represents death, rebirth, and dawn.
The Bennu represents the god Ra (sun god), who made the ancient Egyptian city of Heliopolis his seat, and the sacred tree of Life in Heliopolis was the seat of the Bennu Bird.
This bird was believed to have come from the tree of Life in a temple of Ra and was also said to have come from the heart of Osiris.
The Bennu was also linked to the flooding of the Nile and the ancient Egyptian concept of creation.
The Bennu was regarded as a lord of the royal jubilee, a form of resurrection and rebirth like the Sun.
The Bennu bird is an ancient Egyptian symbol of rebirth, regeneration, Life, power, and healing. The Phoenix, a sacred bird in Heliopolis, is the Ba of the sun god, Ra.
The bird’s name is derived from the word “Weben,” which means “to rise” or “to shine.”
48-The Red Crown
He was known as Desheret or Net. He is associated with the goddess Net and the goddess Wadjet (protectors of Lower Egypt). It was worn by the rulers of Lower Egypt, in northern Egypt, around the Nile delta.
The Crown is worn by various gods and goddesses, showing the role of the rulers blessed with divinity by the gods themselves.
How Were Scholars Able to Translate Hieroglyphic Symbols?
A brilliant Egyptologist in the nineteenth century called Jean-François Champollion mastered six ancient oriental languages by the age of sixteen,
including the Coptic language, knowing that it once occupied a place of honor during the ancient Egyptian civilization.
Champollion was He was distinguished in his work and could decipher the codes of different languages with his knowledge and vast knowledge,
so he was able in the twenties of the nineteenth century to compile a list of ancient Egyptian symbols with their Greek counterpart
so he was the first Egyptologist to realize that symbols are not only alphabetical but can be syllabic; there are cases where a specific symbol denotes a specific whole word.
Champollion used the ancient Coptic language to decipher the hieroglyphic writing and could present to the whole world the secret that led to the knowledge of Pharaonic history,
certainly not all. Still, it opened the door for scholars and explorers after him to explore, search, and know more and more about this great and mysterious civilization.