Giza is a city in Egypt located on the Nile, forming part of the metropolitan area of the Egyptian capital. It is famous in the world because in its vicinity is the plateau of Giza, where about 4600 years ago were built the three great pyramids of the Fourth Dynasty.
Giza contains many tourist attractions, as it is considered one of the most famous tourist places around the world.
Giza is part of the great necropolis of Memphis, which stretched for more than forty kilometers and was known in the Ancient Empire of Egypt by the generic name of Her-necher (the Necropolis) or Imentet (the West).
Each of the three great pyramids had its name, which also designated the necropolis that surrounded it: The luminous horizon of Cheops, khephren is great and Mycerinus is divine. It was during the reign of Cheops that the Giza plateau reached great importance.