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Egyptian Mummification

Ancient Egyptian Mummification Facts

What Was the Purpose of Mummification In Ancient Egypt?

Egyptian mummification, also called treating the dead body; for this method to work success, Should remove all moisture from the body; it needs to be completely dehydrated,

turning it into a hard mass that can’t break down. Priests in the mummification process put a hook into a space next to the nose on the body and then use the hook to take out

a piece of the brain. After that, a cut is made on the patient’s left side, near the belly button, and every organ is removed.

The doctors then wait for the organs to dry before moving on to the next step. The organs were stored in canopic jars when everything was said and done.

Egyptian Mummification

How Did Mummification Reflect Egyptian Beliefs About the Afterlife?

The Ancient Egyptians constituted an extremely religious society, and this religiosity determined cultural and social practices among the Egyptians.

One of them was the belief in immortality. For the Egyptians, death would be fleeting, and life would return to the body, but the return to life

would only happen if the dying person’s body were preserved.

If the soul (Rá) did not return to the body (Ká), the body was not conserved. Hence the importance of mummifying the bodies,

embalming, and preserving them to prevent decomposition. For this, there were advanced mummification techniques for the nobles and more straightforward methods for the poor.

The advanced mummification techniques developed in Ancient Egypt only existed because of advanced medicine.

Egyptian doctors performed surgeries, treated fractures, and knew human anatomy.

In addition to the technique of preserving bodies through mummification, the Egyptians needed to develop a method of protecting bodies from looters,

hence the construction of monumental tombs. The tombs would guarantee the conservation of the bodies.

Usually, when a wealthy person ( pharaoh ), who held power, died, his body was mummified and later placed in tombs that were considered a proper dwellings.

The pharaoh and his riches were buried in a royal chamber, and his servants (employees), scribes, priests, and animals in other more spartan chambers.”

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What is The Meaning of Mummification?

The English word mummy comes from the Latin word “Mumia,” derived from the Persian word “mum,” which means “wax” about a mummified body that resembles wax.

Arid in that era, the corpses were placed in graves; graves were rectangles or oval shapes, where the corpse was placed on its left side in a position similar to the fetus.

How did Egyptian Mummification Start?

About 2600 BCE, Egyptians probably began to mummify the dead intentionally during the Fourth and Fifth Dynasties. The practice continued and developed for well over 2,000 years,
It was designed for more than 2000 years until the Roman era, about 30 BC, and the best mummies that were prepared and preserved date back to the 18th dynasty until the 20th dynasty,

and include the mummy of Tutankhamun.

Egyptian Mummification jars Or Canopic Jars

Canopic jars are also known as jars of the old kingdom.
In ancient Egypt, mummified organs were kept in canopic jars stored separately from the rest of the body. The mummification process included this step,

Egyptian Mummification Jar

which played an essential role. Canopic jars were formed of clay, and the heads of the jars had the form of one of the four gods,

depending on which organ the jar contained: Hapy, Imsety, Duamutef, or Qebhsenef.
During the time of the Old Kingdom, when mummification was starting, the jars used for this purpose were superficial stone vessels with flat covers.

The jars did not come to possess a unique stopper from a human head until the beginning of the first intermediate era. Beginning around this period,

the bundles of viscera placed inside of them were occasionally embellished with human-faced masks. After that, starting in the 18th dynasty and continuing onwards,

the stoppers of the jars were each shaped like the head of one of the minor funerary deities known as the “four sons of Horus.” This was done to indicate which organ the jar held.

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