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Muhammad Ali Mosque

Muhammad Ali Mosque

Muhammad Ali Mosque’s History

Muhammad Ali Mosque; The memorial mosque for Muhammad Ali was constructed in 1848. On top of Salah ad-Din Citadel is where the mosque may be found. On the east side of the mosque is what is known as the house of prayer, and on the west side is what is known as “the courtyard.”

This mosque’s architecture was partly inspired by the use of limestone and the fact that its architect, Yusuf Boshnak, was born in Turkey. A medallion that encircles the mosque’s dome pays tribute to the four Caliphs who led the Islamic community effectively. Allah, Mohamed, Abou Bakr, Omar, and Othman are each shown in their respective positions inside one of the six medallions on the mosque’s dome.

Mohammad Ali Mosque
The Great Mosque of Muhammad Ali Pasha or Alabaster Mosque

Who Built the Muhammad Ali Mosque?

The reason for building the mosque is that Muhammad Ali saw that he was in dire need to build a mosque to be his burial place, so he entrusted the Turkish architect Yusef Bushnaq, who came mainly from Istanbul and built this great mosque for Muhammad Ali, the ruler of Egypt (1805-1849) and developed a design For him, he chose the Sultan Ahmed Mosque in Istanbul, and borrowed from it its horizontal plan, including the courtyard and the fountain, with few modifications. The influence of Byzantine art appeared in the design of the mosque.

Why was the Mosque of Muhammad Ali built?

This mosque was built for praying and for Mohamed Ali to be buried. Mohamed Ali was buried in the tomb situated on the southern-east side of Beit Al Salah, to the right-hand side of the entrance,

which leads to the main section.

Muhammad Ali Mosque, what exactly took place?

Even though Muhammad Ali was born in Greece, a significant amount of historical research has been conducted on him. Muhammad Ali defeated Napoleon and ascended to the throne of Egypt after leading its liberation. Within the Ottoman Empire, the title of Pasha was held in the greatest regard. In the 43 years that he was in power, he achieved significant strides in agriculture, industry, and education.

On August 2, 1849, Muhammad Ali Pasha passed away in Alexandria. He was laid to rest at the mosque that bears his name in the Salah ad-Din Citadel.

Mohammad Ali Mosque
Inside Muhammad Ali Mosque.

Architectural description of Muhammad Ali Mosque:

The mosque of Muhammed Ali consists of a rectangular shape divided into two parts: the eastern section, which is the house of prayer or the sanctuary of the mosque, and the western section,

The courtyard in the middle is a watering can for ablution. And each of the two sections has two opposite doors, meaning the mosque includes four doors.

From the door in the middle of the sea wall of the mosque, we enter the courtyard, which is a large courtyard of about 53 x 54 meters under which is a cistern, surrounded by four arcades with arches carried on marble columns bearing Small domes carved from the inside and covered from the outside with sheets of lead, with copper crescents.

In the middle of the open courtyard, we find a dome for ablutions, established in the year (1263 AH – 1844 AD) with a wooden flap and erected on eight marble columns.

The interior of this dome is decorated with colored drawings representing landscapes influenced by the Western style. Inside this dome is another eight-sided dome with a marble crescent,

on which clusters of grapes are inscribed with prominent motifs. On it is a colorful pattern inscribed in Persian script by the calligrapher “Sinklakh” Quranic verses for ablution. The date bears the year (1263 AH – 1844 AD).

History of The Citadel Salah El Din

You can get a great view of the towering minarets of the Muhammad Ali Mosque from the citadel salah el din in Cairo. From this vantage point, you can see Cairo and its countryside

. This majestic tower, once known as Qalaat Sali ad-Din in Arabic, is now home to museums highlighting Egyptian dominance throughout the Middle Ages and the 19th century.

Mohammad Ali Mosque
The citadel of Salah Din in Cairo


The citadel salah el din may be reached in fifteen to twenty-five minutes while traveling from the Mokattam Hills in Cairo.

What was the name of Saladin’s wife?

Citadel salah el din El-Nasir Salah El-Din named a structure after Yusuf Ibn Ayyub, alias citadel salah el din. The Yusuf Ibn Ayyub building in Cairo is an important monument of historical significance in Egypt.

After his rise to power, he established the Ayyubid dynasty and became the first Sultan of Egypt and Syria. He was born in Iraq. He established the Ayyubid dynasty during his rule.

He was a benevolent and religious ruler who counseled against shedding blood and making fun of religion, although he had a lot of authority and had won many battles.

At 14, he began training as a soldier and eventually headed the Muslim attack against the Crusader states. He achieved his most significant victory by taking control of Jerusalem.

In Arabic, the word Salah refers to justice, whereas the word Din refers to religion. Historians say he passed away when he was 56 years old and was laid to rest in the Umayyad Mosque in Damascus, Syria. His life was packed with significant moments and achievements at every turn.

Citadel Salah El Din History

Citadel of the Mountain, also known as Qala’a Al-Jabal, was constructed by Sultan Salah El-Din to defend Cairo against Crusader assaults.

Because of its elevated position above Cairo’s hills, it was challenging to assault and served as a defensive stronghold. Salah ed-Din. For a significant number of Egyptian dynasties, the Citadel served as the location of the administrative and monarchical headquarters. Included in this are the Ayyubids, Mamluks, and Ottomans. Before Khedive Ismail took power in Egypt, the state’s administrative headquarters were relocated to Abdeen Palace.
Sultan Salah El-Din built the Salah El-Din Citadel in 1176. In 1182, El Malek El Kamel, a member of Salah El-Tenure Din, constructed the Citadel. Salah El-Din passed away before the construction of the Citadel was completed. Salah el-Din used stones taken from the pyramids of Giza to build his fortress and stronghold. He developed a magnificent and exquisite structure by drawing inspiration from the walled citadels of Syria and Lebanon.

Salah ad-Din dug wells within the citadel to provide water for his troops. El-Mokatam, al-Karkialan, and al-Turfa are some of the thirteen towers and four gates inside the fortress (the New Gate, the Middle Gate, and the Citadel Gate). In addition to Palace Ablaq and Palace Al-Gawhara, the National Military Museum is located inside the castle. Visitors could glimpse cannons, tanks, and other weaponry during their visit. Visitors may see prison cells.

The Citadel is enclosed by walls on all sides.

The Alabaster Mosque is one of the finest examples of medieval architecture worldwide. Salah El-Din Citadel. In Salah El-Din Citadel. In 1816, the Ottoman caliph Muhammad Ali Pasha issued the decree that began building the mosque. Muhammad Ali Pasha constructed this mosque as a memorial to his son Tosun.

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